Are Gender Stereotypes Still affecting Society Today?
Are Gender Stereotypes Still affecting Society Today?Are Gender Stereotypes Still affecting Society Today? “...gender continues to be seen as a binary categorization, in which we tend to compare men to women and women to men, anchoring any differences in terms of a contrast between them.” (Ellemers). There may be a stigma around gender stereotypes and that they do not exist anymore, but there are still many relevant examples of these stereotypes in present time and all around the world. Although these stereotypes may not be as tolerated as they once were, these ideas are still affecting society today. People are not born with the knowledge of these societal standards but are instead taught about them, which leads to unnecessary categorizations that adults and even children put others into based on gender (Ellemers). These ideas put people into boxes and limit them from their full potential This is still greatly affecting women and men around the world today, even if different societies teach different gender limits or expectations. When people begin to accept these norms, they begin to accept prejudice, sexism, and the idea that it is okay to judge someone off of their gender, not their potential. Societies are still affected by gender stereotypes, and they need to work on ending these ideas in order to create and fair and just society. Some of the most damaging stereotypes are those that are put on women and although there has been progress in getting rid of these issues, there is still a lot of work that needs to be done because many women around the world are still being affected by these stereotypes today. Because society has put the standard on women that their main job is housework and to take care of the family, this inhibits women from their full potential in a work environment and how they advance in their jobs. According to the Southern Management Association, a study that took place in 2015 gave a sample of 511 management professors, male and female, and the study showed that “women are less likely to be awarded named professorships… we find that women derive lower returns from their scholarly achievements when it comes to appointments to endowed chairs. Our study suggests that a masculine-gendered environment dominates management departments ” (Treviño, Gomez-Mejia, et al.). Even when women have the same jobs as men, with the same standards and ability, they are still seen as less than and are not given as many opportunities because of stereotypes. Although women have made significant advancements in occupational roles, men still seem to dominate the work field in some cases. In June of 2018, Naomi Ellemers from the Annual Review of Psychology wrote that “social survey and census data shows that across 30 industrialized countries, there is a clear segregation according to gender in occupational roles”. This unfair treatment is undoubtedly caused by stereotypes and this limits the possibilities women see for themselves and this can damage and restrict society of women’s abilities. As a woman in today’s world, I definitely have had gender stereotypes put on me. My grandparents came to America from Greece in the 1960s, and in Greece, there is a well-known idea still to this day, that the men sit back and relax while the women prepare all the food and all the other work that occurs before, during, and after dinner. Although one might say, well, they came here in the 1960s, their perception of gender roles must have changed by now. That is far from the truth. My cousins and I, one is a boy and one is a girl, were staying over at my grandparents’ house one night, and it had come time for dinner. As my grandpa walked down the hall and into our room, we just figured that he was calling us for dinner, but in fact, it was the complete opposite. He told me and my female cousin, Evangeline, to help come set the table with our grandma and told my other male cousin Nicholas, that they were going to stay in the room and relax until the table was set. Even though I was used to my grandpa having these expectations of women, I never thought that he would put them on his own granddaughters. I did not take it to heart though, because it was not necessarily a shock that he said this. My parents told me that there is no point in trying to teach him that this is unfair, but this is exactly why stereotypes are still affecting society today. No one is teaching past generations how wrong this is, and they keep teaching these ideas to their children, which will keep getting passed down to new generations. Parents should be teaching their children to treat everyone the same, no matter what their gender is, not to discriminate others based solely on an illogical stereotype. Although women are one of the main targets of stereotypes, men without a doubt have certain expectations and requirements that society has placed upon them. In Kenneth P Dietrich’s “Unexpected Social Pressures in Males” article, he reviews Jackson Katz’s article named “Advertising and the Construction of Violent Male Masculinity”. In his review, he states multiple different times that boys are taught from an early age to be powerful, strong, and physical. A good example of why men may feel this way is how their childhood influenced body standards and behaviors. Dietrich recalls how “while girls are playing with perfect skinny Barbie dolls, young boys want the newest transformers and G.I. Joe dolls, all characters who play violent roles and are abnormally muscular”. Because young boys are given these toys and grow up with them, it is clear that these objects can have a big influence on how boys expect themselves to look as they grow older. Men still to this day deal with different body expectations in advertisements especially. In most magazines, the men portrayed on the cover tend to be famous athletes or attractive actors, which can promote the stereotypical male body expectation of being physically attractive and strong. Also, notice how many men in today’s world are focused on sports which typically have muscular male athletes. This represents how men are influenced by these body standards and can create unhealthy mental battles on how they expect themselves to reach that certain physicality. It is clear from just common knowledge and the evidence that is stated that both women and men suffer from the effects of stereotypes, even if it is in different ways. On the other hand, though, many people see gender stereotypes as non-existent and something from the past. Various parts of the world have made remarkable progress to crush gender stereotypes which is definitely noticeable because of how many opportunities and freedoms that both men and women are given. Women have so many new opportunities to grow occupationally and educationally, and men have learned that they do not have to look like the picture perfect movie star in order to feel accepted and important in society. Parents are teaching their children that boys and girls are both strong, girls do not have to just sit there and look pretty, and boys do not have to be destructive and violent in order to gain recognition and acceptance in society. Although this look at the opposition is true in different cases, there is still work to be done as a society to lessen the use of stereotypes against men and women. All over the world men are still facing the idea that in order for society to accept them, they need to have the idolized muscular body and that they cannot have a “feminine” side to them. In addition to this, women are still facing struggles of occupational advancements as well as just mistreatment in general in all aspects of everyday life. Although many advancements have been made in order to diminish gender stereotypes, society still battles with them every day. Because of the ignorance and tolerance towards these societal standards, there will not be many more advancements if people keep treating stereotypes this way. Gender Stereotypes have been a hindrance to societal advancements since ancient times and they have affected men and women in drastic ways. Not only have they provided a sense of discouragement, but they also have destroyed great opportunities for people. These stereotypes are not required, so why are they still being taught? Some people argue that these gender roles are a joke and irrelevant in today’s world. While it is somewhat true that gender stereotypes are not expressed as much as they once were, they still continue to be a nuisance in many people’s lives. As a society, we have the power and encouragement to solve these issues. Why should we keep letting them spread?